MY CREDENTIALS

ACADEMIC TRAINING:

Postdoctoral Fellowship in Addiction, Behavioral Health, and Technology
University of Virginia Health System

Ph.D., Psychology, Clinical
Virginia Tech

M.S., Psychology
Virginia Tech

M.A., Health Education and Health Behavior
Columbia University

B.S., Psychology, Concentration in Health Promotion & Exercise Science
Appalachian State University

ADVANCED CLINICAL CERTIFICATIONS:

  • International Obsessive Compulsive Disorders Foundation Behavioral Treatments Training Institute
  • Veterans Health Administration Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia
  • Veterans Health Administration Prolonged Exposure Therapy
  • Veterans Health Administration Motivational Interviewing and Motivational Enhancement Therapy
    • I was a consultant for the Veterans Health Administration Motivational Interviewing and Motivational Enhancement Treatment initiatives meaning I taught other mental health providers how to implement these treatments in Veterans Affairs hospitals across the country

PROFESSIONAL ASSOCIATIONS:

  • PRESIDENT OF & PAST MEMBER AT LARGE, Richmond Academy of Clinical Psychologists
  • EXECUTIVE BOARD MEMBER & PAST MEMBERSHIP CHAIR, Virginia Academy of Clinical Psychologists
  • MEMBER, American Psychological Association
  • MEMBER, Division 38, Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
  • MEMBER, Society of Behavioral Sleep Medicine
  • MEMBER, International Obsessive Compulsive Disorders Foundation
  • MEMBER, TLC Foundation for Body-Focused Repetitive Behaviors

CLINICAL RESEARCH:

My appreciation for evidence-based practice grows out of my participation in research over the years. I have been involved in research to advance our understanding of behavioral health problems like anxiety, insomnia, drinking, etc. as well as how to help people using behavioral interventions, including CBT and Motivational Interviewing. I have had a particular interest in researching ways we can harness the technology to enhance mental health services. Scroll to the bottom of this page to see a list of my peer-reviewed publications, book chapter, and presentations.

MY EXPERIENCE

FACULTY APPOINTMENTS:

Affiliate Assistant Professor (2011-current) Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation of Virginia Commonwealth University Health System

Visiting Assistant Professor (2011-2014) Center for Addiction Research and Education, Behavioral Therapies Treatment Development, Department of Psychiatry and Neurobehavioral Sciences, University of Virginia Health System

MY APPROACH TO HELPING CLIENTS

While CBT is no panacea, it has been found to be an effective way to help people with certain problems. I was very fortunate to train at one of the top clinical psychology PhD programs in the nation to develop clinical and scientific cognitive behavioral skills. I am also trained in health education, health psychology, and the art and science of motivation. I incorporate a gentle and non-judgemental counseling style into CBT called Motivational Interviewing. Further, as a health psychologist, I am aware of the dynamic interplay between body, mind, and community/environment. I bring all these perspectives to bear when working with clients. I always look for the unique strengths in my clients and help them explore these while developing awareness of the ways certain ways of thinking and acting can hold them back emotionally, physically, and relationally.

ON THE IMPORTANCE OF FINDING MEANING AND PURPOSE SO YOU CAN REACH YOUR POTENTIAL AND THRIVE

If you choose to work with me, you will come to learn I care a lot about finding meaning and purpose in life. We do best when we create a match between our values and our pursuits. As such, I will push you to consider what is important to you and how you are living your life in accordance with that. I seek to follow my own advice in this regard. I became a clinical psychologist because I am a very curious person and I am also very analytical and caring. I enjoy helping my clients unpack challenges and grow into themselves. It is an honor to provide the CBT framework as well as support and encouragement. I have seen clients make small and large changes in their ways of thinking and acting that have led them to be able to live the lives they desire. This is incredibly fulfilling to me.

My professional purpose is to improve health and wellbeing of people. Because I am a “big picture” person, in addition to my one on one clinical interactions with clients, I am involved in other domains of psychology. As mentioned earlier, I am involved in research. I also have a special interest in digital health which is the use of technologies to enhance access to, efficiency of, and effectiveness of screening and interventions for health. Because these technical solutions are not useful unless they can be integrated into daily life and healthcare systems, broadly, I am quite interested in working with the healthcare community at large to advance the field. Additionally, I am continuously engaged in psychology professional associations and political advocacy to advocate for mental health care reform at the local, state, and federal level. For example, in 2016, my main political advocacy goal was to support the United States Congress as they considered passing comprehensive mental health care reform to improve timely access to high quality mental health care for all Americans. Here’s a photo of me and my colleagues, Dr. Cathy Rea, Dr. Paul Perrin, and PhD candidate Michael Trujillo, meeting with US Congressman from Virginia, Rob Wittman (R). 

LeahFarrell-CarnahanPsychologistPoliticalAdvocacy

RELEVANT WORK EXPERIENCES OTHER THAN PRIVATE PRACTICE

Over the years, I have worked and studied in university centers, academic medical centers, outpatient clinics, research clinics, and a Veterans Affairs hospital. In fact, I worked at McGuire Veterans Affairs Medical Center for seven years where I learned an appreciation for the sacrifices veterans and their families have made as well as the strength and importance of the mind-body connection. In that role, I also developed skills working within interdisciplinary teams with medical doctors, nurses, physical therapists, other therapists, and administrative staff. Prior to graduate school, and after college, I lived and worked in New York City as an assistant program director at an international advertising firm, a corporate recruiter, and doing my favorite combined gig- research assistant during the day and waitress at night.

Along my career journey, I have been involved in development and testing of evidence-based treatments and creation of treatment manuals. Recently, I co-authored a self-management/self-help workbook for veterans with insomnia that is being distributed throughout the Department of Veterans Affairs. Currently, I am serving as a subject matter expert to help the Department of Veterans Affairs develop a completely automated and interactive website to screen and treat Veterans with insomnia and other sleep problems. Also, in addition to publishing peer-reviewed articles and book chapters, I have written for the popular press in venues such as Columbia University’s “Go Ask Alice!”, a website that enables readers to anonymously ask all sorts of fascinating mental and physical health-related questions. Currently, I am also working with a health technology company called mdlogix as Director of Behavioral Health Programs to bring timely and efficient behavioral health screening and referral to care into settings such as schools, primary and speciality care settings, emergency department settings, and community settings.

SCHOLARLY PUBLICATIONS, BOOK CHAPTERS, AND PRESENTATIONS

PEER REVIEWED PUBLICATIONS:

Ropacki, S., Nakase-Richardson, R., Farrell-Carnahan, L., Lamberty, G., & Tang, X. (in press). Descriptive findings of the VA polytrauma rehabilitation centers TBI model systems national database. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

Martindale, S.L., Farrell-Carnahan, L.V., Ulmer, C.S., Kimbrel, N.A., McDonald, S.D., & Rowland, J.A; VA Mid-Atlantic MIRECC Registry Workgroup. (2017). Sleep quality in returning veterans: the influence of mild traumatic brain injury. Rehabilitation Psychology. doi: 10.1037/rep0000159. [Epub ahead of print]

Lind, M.J., Brown, E., Farrell-Carnahan, L., Brown, R.C., Hawn, S., Berenz, E., McDonald, S., Pickett, T., Danielson, C.K., Thomas, S., & Amstadter, A.B. (2017). Sleep disturbances in OEF/OIF/OND Veterans: Associations with PTSD, personality, and coping. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine, 13(2), 291-299. doi: 10.5664/jcsm.6466

Mayer, S.B., Levy, J.R., Farrell-Carnahan, L., Nichols, M.G., & Raman, S. (2016). Obese veterans enrolled in a veterans affair medical center outpatient weight loss clinic are likely to experience disordered sleep and posttraumatic stress. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine. 12(7), 997-1002. doi:  10.5664/jcsm.5934

Farrell-Carnahan, L., Barnett, S., Lamberty, G., Hammond, F.H., Kretzmer, T.S., Franke, L.M., Geiss, M., Howe, L., & Nakase-Richardson. (2015). Insomnia symptoms and behavioural health symptoms in veterans 1 year after traumatic brain injury. Brain Injury. 29(12), 1400-1408. doi: 10.3109/02699052.2015.1063161

Cantor, J., Ashman, T., Bushnik, T., Xinsheng, C., Farrell-Carnahan, L., Gumber, S., Hart, T., Rosenthal, J., & Dijkers, M. (2014). Systematic review of interventions for fatigue after traumatic brain injury: a NIDRR traumatic brain injury model systems study. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. 29(6), 490-497. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0000000000000102.

Koffel, E., & Farrell-Carnahan, L. (2014). Feasibility and Preliminary Real-World Promise of a Manualized Group-Based Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia Protocol for Veterans. Military Medicine, 179(5), 521-528. doi:10.7205/milmed-d-13-00455

Lamberty, G., Richardson, R., Farrell-Carnahan, L., McGarity, S., Harrison-Felix, C., Bidelspach, D., & Cifu, D. (2014). Development of a traumatic brain injury model system within the department of veterans affairs polytrauma system of care. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation. 29(3), E1E7. doi: 10.1097/HTR.0b013e31829a64d1

Penberthy, J.K., Hook, J., Hettema, J., Farrell-Carnahan, L., & Ingersoll, K. (2013). Depressive symptoms moderate treatment response to brief interventions to prevent alcohol expected pregnancy. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment. 45(4), 335-342. doi:  10.1016/j.jsat.2013.05.002

Ingersoll, K. S., Ceperich, S. D., Hettema, J. E., Farrell-Carnahan, L., & Penberthy, J. K. (2013). Preconceptional motivational interviewing interventions to reduce alcohol-exposed pregnancy risk. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, 44(4), 407-416. doi:10.1016/j.jsat.2012.10.001

Farrell-Carnahan, L., Franke, L., Graham, C., & McNamee, S. (2013). Subjective sleep disturbance in Veterans with blast-related mild traumatic brain injury. Military Medicine. 178(9), 951-956. DOI:10.7205/MILMED-D-13-00037

Farrell-Carnahan, L., Hettema, J., Jackson, J., Kamalanathan, S., Ritterband, L. M., & Ingersoll, K. S. (2013). Feasibility and Promise of a Remote-Delivered Preconception Motivational Interviewing Intervention to Reduce Risk for Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancy. Telemedicine and e-Health, 19(8), 597-604. doi:10.1089/tmj.2012.0247

Ritterband, L. M., Bailey, E. T., Thorndike, F. P., Lord, H. R., Farrell-Carnahan, L., & Baum, L. D. (2011). Initial evaluation of an Internet intervention to improve the sleep of cancer survivors with insomnia. Psychooncology,21(7), 695-705. doi: 10.1002/pon.1969

Ingersoll, K., Farrell-Carnahan, L., Cohen, J., Ceperich, S., Heckman, C., Hettema, J., & Marzani-Nissen, G. (2011). A Pilot Randomized Clinical Trial of Two Medication Adherence and Drug Use Interventions For HIV+ Crack Cocaine Users. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 116(1-3), 177-187. doi: 10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.12.016

Farrell-Carnahan, L. F., Fabbri, S., & Ingersoll, K. (2011). Technicalities: Getting and staying connected to people living with HIV/AIDS in the southern United States. Patient Education and Counseling, 83(1), 139-140. doi:10.1016/j.pec.2010.06.036

Farrell-Carnahan, L., Ritterband, L.M., Bailey, E.T., Thorndike, F.P., Lord, H.R., & Baum, L.D. (2010). Feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a self-hypnosis intervention available on the web for cancer survivors with insomnia. E-Journal of Applied Psychology, 6(2): 10-23.

Fabbri, S., Farrell, L., Ceperich, S.D., & Ingersoll, K.S. (2009). Understanding alcohol-exposed pregnancies: Psychological characteristics that relate to ineffective contraception and risky drinking. Journal of Behavioral Medicine. 32(5), 443-452. doi:  10.1007/s10865-009-9215-6

Farrell, L., Ceperich, S.D., & Ingersoll, K.S. (2009).  Enhancing patient adherence: Promoting engagement via positive patient-provider relationships in HIV/AIDS care.  Medical Encounter: Journal of the American Academy of Communication in Healthcare, 23 (2), 69-71.

Farrell, L.V., Cox, M.G., & Geller, E.S. (2007). Prompting safety-belt use in the context of a belt-use law: The flash for life revisited. Journal of Safety Research, 38(4), 407 – 411.

BOOK CHAPTERS:

Farrell, L., Ritterband, L., Thorndike, F., Merkel, L., Nielsen, N., Burkett, R., Ingersoll, K. (In Press). Remote psychiatric and behavioral services using technology. In B. Johnson (Ed.), Handbook on Psychiatric Practice: Principles and Applications. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co. Ptd.

McNamee SM, Cifu DX, Sanderlin JB, Carnahan-Farrell L. (2012). Rehabilitation of Blast Related Polytrauma. In Stem, H. (Ed.), Acute Medical Rehabilitation.

Ingersoll, K., Marzani-Nissen, G., Farrell, L., Strickler, E., Freeman, J. (2011). HIV/AIDS psychiatry. In B. Johnson (Ed.), Handbook on Psychiatric Practice: Principles and Applications. Singapore: World Scientific Publishing Co. Ptd.

Farrell, L.V. (2008). Refusal skills. In G.L. Fisher, N.A. Roget (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Substance Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Recovery. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Farrell, L.V., Ceperich, S. D. (2008). Evidence-Based Treatment. In Gary L. Fisher, Nancy A. Roget (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Substance Abuse Prevention, Treatment, and Recovery. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

PRESENTATIONS:

Farrell-Carnahan, L., Ulmer, C., Mackintosh, M., Graham, C. (2017, June). Path to better sleep: cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia on the web. Presentation at the 6th Annual VHA Sleep Practitioners Meeting at the 31st Annual SLEEP Meeting, Boston, MA.

Mickens, M., Farrell-Carnahan, L., Rooney, M., Wiles, J., Wang, J. (2017). Evaluation of integrative pain management on mood, treatment engagement, and traditional medical visits in veterans. Poster presented at the 38th annual meeting of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, San Diego, CA. Poster presented at the 38th annual meeting of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, San Diego, CA.

Wiles, J., Rooney, M., Mickens, M., Farrell-Carnahan, L. (2017). The effects of an anti-inflammatory diet in the reduction of pain subjectivity among veterans with chronic pain. Poster presented at the 38th annual meeting of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, San Diego, CA.

Farrell-Carnahan, L., Cash, T., Rooney, M., Chatterton, M. (2016). Psychologists’ role in an integrative medicine approach to helping veterans manage chronic pain. Oral presentation at 2016 Spring Convention of the Virginia Academy of Clinical Psychologists, Norfolk, VA.

Cash, T., Farrell-Carnahan, L., Rooney, M., Chatterton, M. (2016). An integrative medicine approach to helping veterans manage chronic pain. Poster presented at the 37th annual meeting of the Society for Behavioral Medicine, Washington, DC.

Lind, M. J., Brown, E., Farrell-Carnahan, L., Brown, R., Hawn, S., McDonald, S., Pickett, T., Danielson, C. K., Thomas, S., Amstadter, A.  B. (2015). Sleep disturbances in combat-exposed veterans: associations with PTSD, personality, and coping. Poster presented at the 31st annual meeting of the International Society of Traumatic Stress Studies, New Orleans, LA.

Koffel, E., Farrell-Carnahan, L. (2014). Group cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia in veterans. Poster presented at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Associated Sleep Societies, SLEEP. Minneapolis, MN.

McGarity, S., Nakase-Richardson, R., Lamberty, G.; Farrell-Carnahan, L., Howe, L., Chung, J., Sauter, S., Amos, T., Massengale J.,       Kretzmer, T. (2013). Traumatic brain injury model systems. Poster presented and published abstract at the 2013 American Congress of Rehabilitation Medicine Annual Conference, Orlando, FL.

Ingersoll, K.S., Ceperich, S.D., Hettema, J. E., Farrell-Carnahan, L., Penberthy, J.K. (2013). EARLY: An RCT of 3 preconceptional motivational interventions to reduce alcohol-exposed pregnancy risk. Paper presented at the First International Conference on Prevention of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders. Edmunton, Alberta, Canada.

Ingersoll, K.S., Ceperich, S.D., Hettema, J. E., Farrell-Carnahan, L., Penberthy, J.K. (2013, March). An RCT of 3 Preconception Motivational Interviewing Interventions to Reduce Alcohol-Exposed Pregnancy Risk. Paper presented at the Society of Behavioral Medicine Conference 2013, San Francisco, CA.

Schwartz, K., Farrell-Carnahan, L., & McNamee, S. (2012, October 20). Headache Prevalence and Post-Traumatic Stress Symptom           Severity in Veterans with History of Blast-Related Mild Traumatic Brain Injury. Poster presented at the Virginia Commonwealth University Pain Management & Spine Symposium, Richmond, VA.

Farrell-Carnahan, L., Manning Franke, L., Schwartz, K. (2012, June 21). Subjective sleep disturbance in veterans with history of   blast-related mild traumatic brain injury. Poster session at the Veterans Health Administration’s New Horizons in Rehabilitation Conference, Atlanta, GA.

Edington, S., Farrell-Carnahan, L., Thorndike, F.P., Lord, H.R., Bailey, E.T., Baum, L.D., Ritterband, L.M. (2011, April 27). Treating insomnia in cancer survivors through hypnosis recordings available on the web. Poster session at the Society of Behavioral Medicine’s 32nd Annual Meeting and Scientific Sessions, Washington, D.C.

Farrell, L., Fansler, A., Bickley, P., Baker, K., & Ingersoll, K. (2009, March). Technology access and preferences of rural U.S. southern people with HIV. Poster presented to International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care Conference, Miami, FL.

Fabbri, S., Farrell, L., Ly, T., Ceperich, S.D., Penberthy, K.J., Wartella, J.E., Ingersoll, K.S. (2008, June). Binge drinking & not heavy regular drinking relates to pregnancy risk due to ineffective contraception. Paper presented at the 70th Annual Meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Ceperich, S., Ingersoll, K., Karakashian, M., Penberthy, J., Fabbri, S., Farrell, L., Kracen, A., Ly, T., Detrick, C. (2008, June). Early outcomes of a 1-session intervention to prevent alcohol-exposed pregnancy in preconception women. Paper presented to the 70th Annual Meeting of the College on Problems of Drug Dependence, San Juan, Puerto Rico.

Wharton, A.E., Farrell, L.V., Geller, E.S. (2008, April). Self-reported safety-belt use and motivation to buckle-up while driving. Poster presented at the 6th Annual Virginia Tech Undergraduate Research and Prospective Graduate Student Conference, Blacksburg, VA.

Wharton, A.E., Farrell, L.V., Geller, E.S. (2008, April). Self-reported safety-belt use, motivation to buckle-up, and attitudes toward safety-belt use, laws, and enforcement. Poster presented at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Conference for the Dissemination of Student Research on Addictions, Infectious Disease, and Public Health, Baltimore, MD.

Fabbri S., Farrell, L., Ly, T., Ceperich, S.D., Penberthy, K.J., Wartella J.E., Ingersoll, K.S. (2008, April). Frequent binge drinking: a risk factor for alcohol exposed pregnancy. Poster presented at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Conference for the Dissemination of Student Research on Addictions, Infectious Disease, and Public Health, Baltimore, MD.

Detrick, C.T., Farrell, L., Fabbri, S., Ly, T. and Ingersoll, K. (April, 2008). Exploring how self-reported HIV medication adherence and cocaine use relate to self-regulation and social support. Poster presented at the 2nd Annual Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health Conference for the Dissemination of Student Research on Addictions, Infectious Disease, and Public Health, Baltimore, MD.

Ingersoll, K.S., Ceperich, S.D., Farrell, L.V., Detrick, C., Marzani-Nissen, G., Fansler, A., Cohen, J. (2008, August). Two interventions that improve HIV adherence & reduce cocaine use. Poster presented at the 116th Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association, Boston, MA.

Elise A. Drake, Matthew G. Cox, Thomas R. Cunningham, & L. V. Farrell, (2007, May). Environmental factors related to alcohol consumption at tailgate parties before NCCA division 1-A football games. Poster presented at the 33rd Annual Convention of the Association for Applied Behavior Analysis, San Diego, CA.

Farrell, L.V., Wartella, J.E., Karakashian, M.A., Ceperich S., & Ingersoll, K.S. (2007, March). Patients improve HAART adherence regardless of cocaine use. Poster presented at the 2nd annual International Conference on HIV Treatment Adherence, Jersey City, NJ.

Ingersoll K.S., Ceperich S.D., Cohen J., Heckman C.J., Wartella J., Farrell L.V., Fansler A., Karakashian M. (2007, March). Improving medication adherence & reducing cocaine use with a motivational intervention: Preliminary findings from the CART project. Poster presented at the 2nd annual International Conference on HIV Treatment Adherence, Jersey City, NJ.

Karakashian M., Wartella J., Farrell L.V., Ceperich S.D., Ingersoll K.S. (2007, March). Does psychopathology affect readiness & adherence among cocaine users with HIV? Poster presented at the 2nd annual International Conference on HIV Treatment Adherence, Jersey City, NJ.

Wartella, J.E., Farrell, L.V., Karakashian, M.A., Ceperich S., & Ingersoll, K.S. (2007, March). Personality & motivational variables relate to medication adherence among HIV+ patients. Poster presented at the 2nd annual International Conference on HIV Treatment Adherence, Jersey City, NJ.

Farrell, L. V., Cox, Matthew, G., Drake, Elise A., Geller, E.S. (2006, May). Peer-delivered prompting for student safety-belt use on a large university campus: The “Flash-for-Life” technique. Poster presented at the 2006 Annual Conference of the America College Health Association, New York City, NY.

Farrell, L. V., Drake, Elise A, Cox, Matthew G., Geller, E.S. (2006, May). Prompting safety-belt use: The “Flash for Life” technique revisited in the context of safety-belt use laws. Poster presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Applied Behavior Analysis, Atlanta, GA.    

Drake, Elise, A., Clarke, Steven W., Cunningham, Thomas R., Farrell, L. V., Valentino, Sara E., & Kim, Si Jun. (2006, May). Analysis of blood alcohol levels among 21st Birthday celebrants on a college campus. Poster presented at the 32nd Annual Conference of the Association for Applied Behavior Analysis, Atlanta, GA.

Farrell, L.V., Drake, E.A., Wiegand, D.M., Andrews, R., Zimmerman, M., & Geller, E.S. (2005, May). Evaluating a community-based safety belt campaign: BuckleUp in memory of Ashley Ryan Krueger. Paper presented at the 31st annual convention of the Association for Behavior Analysis, Chicago, IL.

Farrell, L. V., Detrick, Corey T, Phibbs, Gary N., Cox, Matt G., Geller, E. S. (2005, November). The A.R.K. Project: A Grassroots, student-led intervention to increase safety-belt use on the Virginia Tech campus. Poster presented at the 8th Annual Conference of the Maryland Association for Applied Behavior Analysis, Baltimore, MD.

Farrell, L., Drake, E.A., Cox, M.G., & Geller, E.S. (2005, March). The A.R.K. Project, intervening on a college campus to increase   safety-belt use in the Spring of 2005. Poster presented at the 1st annual meeting of the VirginiaAssociation for Behavior Analysis, Harrisonburg, VA.

Downing, C.O., Farrell, L.V., Cunningham, T.R., & Lehman, P.K. (2005, April). Exploring the convergent & divergent validity of psychological entitlement with other psychological self-report measures. Poster presented at the semi-annual meeting of the Virginia Psychological Association, Williamsburg, VA.

Harris, D.M., Hintz, L., Mistler, S., Farrell, L.V., & Cunningham, T. (2004, December) Intervening with food at fraternity parties: Does it impact intoxication levels? Poster presented at the 7th annual meeting of the Maryland Association for Behavior Analysis, Baltimore, MD.

Mannheimer, S., Perkins, M, Ford, J., Diamond, B., Farrell, L., Findley, S., Hofmann, A., El-Sadr, W. (2002, July). Factors associated with provider estimated adherence to antiretroviral therapy are different from self- reported adherence. Poster presented at the XIV International AIDS Conference, Barcelona, Spain.

Mannheimer, S., Holson, N., Farrell, L., Diamond, B., Hirsh-Moverman, Y., Perkins, M., Ford, J., El-Sadr, W. (2002, July). Predictors of mortality among HIV-infected outpatients attending an inner city clinic. Poster presented at the XIV International AIDS Conference, Barcelona, Spain.

Egwuatu, N.E., Colson, P., Findley, S., Holson, N., Perkins, M., Diamond, D., Hirsh-Moverman, Y., El-Sadr, W., Farrell, L. (2002, November). Application of stage of behavioral change model to HIV antiretroviral adherence. Poster presented at the 130th annual meeting of the American Public Health Association, Philadelphia, PA.

Harrison, J., Oransky, N., Farrell, L. (2000, May). Thought suppression & working memory. Paper presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, Missoula, MT. Farrell, L.., Oransky, N. (2000, May). Gender role representation in children’s literature. Paper presented at the National Conference on Undergraduate Research, Missoula, MT.

Farrell, L., Oransky, N. (1999, May). Thought suppression & working memory. Paper presented at the Appalachian State University Undergraduate Research Day, Boone, NC.